Fujifilm X-T1


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    Fujifilm X-T1

      In summary

      The price tag will put the X-T1 beyond the reach of the casual snapshooter, which is fine as this is a complex camera that is best suited to professional photographers and serious enthusiasts who are prepared to utilise its manual controls. There's no fully-automatic shooting mode at all.

      As with other X-series cameras, the camera can be operated in programmed AE mode by setting the shutter speed dial and lens ring to the A positions. Moving one of these on or off the A position sets the camera into either shutter- or aperture-priority AE, just like the classic rangefinder cameras. Moving both provides full manual control.

      This isn't a camera for the technologically-challenged user. Those who are up to the challenge, however, are likely to be well rewarded.

      The camera has six programmable function buttons that can be set to provide quick access to any one of the following controls: advanced filters,  AF mode, aperture settings, auto sensitivity control, bracketing, custom settings, depth-of-field preview, dynamic range, face detection, film simulation, focus frame selection, image size, image quality, RAW/JPEG toggling, self-timer and wireless options. Accessing some settings requires other controls to be set in specific ways.

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      Full review

      Fujifilm's recently-released X-T1 Compact System Camera is targeted at traditionalists and serious photographers looking for SLR-style handling in a camera that allows key adjustments to be made by mechanical dials. With its durable die-cast magnesium body, the X-T1 is weather resistant when paired with a weather resistant X mount lens, although there's only one of them available so far and two in the pipeline.

       The new Fujifilm X-T1, shown with the XF 23mm f/1.4 R prime lens. (Source: Fujifilm.)

      The X-T1 will be offered as a body alone at an RRP of AU$1799. If you shop around, you can find it for between AU$1400 and AU$1700.

      Australian re-sellers are free to bundle any X-mount lens with the camera and sell it in kit format with prices for the camera plus the XF18-55mm f/2.8-4 R LM OIS currently between AU$2000 and $2300. Most US re-sellers are offering the camera plus 18-55mm lens for just under US$1700.

      Who's it For?
       The price tag will put the X-T1 beyond the reach of the casual snapshooter, which is fine as this is a complex camera that is best suited to professional photographers and serious enthusiasts who are prepared to utilise its manual controls. There's no fully-automatic shooting mode at all.

      As with other X-series cameras, the camera can be operated in programmed AE mode by setting the shutter speed dial and lens ring to the A positions. Moving one of these on or off the A position sets the camera into either shutter- or aperture-priority AE, just like the classic rangefinder cameras. Moving both provides full manual control.

      This isn't a camera for the technologically-challenged user. Those who are up to the challenge, however, are likely to be well rewarded.

      The camera has six programmable function buttons that can be set to provide quick access to any one of the following controls: advanced filters,  AF mode, aperture settings, auto sensitivity control, bracketing, custom settings, depth-of-field preview, dynamic range, face detection, film simulation, focus frame selection, image size, image quality, RAW/JPEG toggling, self-timer and wireless options. Accessing some settings requires other controls to be set in specific ways.

      Build and Ergonomics
       As mentioned above, the X-T1's die-cast magnesium body combines classic SLR and rangefinder styling. It's relatively large for a Compact System Camera (CSC) but looks handsome in its black livery and feels solid and sturdy in the hands.

      Areas that will be handled are clad with a textured, rubberised finish that provides a secure and comfortable grip and has a 'quality' look and feel. The front grip moulding is just large enough for comfort if you have average-sized hands but it may feel a little skimpy for those with larger hands and/or thicker fingers. (An optional add-on battery grip is available.)
       

       Front panel of the Fujifilm X-T1 with no lens fitted. (Source: Fujifilm.)

      Scattered across the front panel are a number of key controls. On the right hand side of the lens mount just above the grip moulding is the front control dial. An AF-assist lamp, which doubles as a self-timer indicator, is positioned on the same level between the front and top panels a little closer to the lens. Immediately below it is Function button 1.

      The lens release button is located on this side of the front panel, close to the lower edge and adjacent to the lens mount. To remove the lens you press it in and turn the lens anti-clockwise.

      On the other side of the lens mount are the flash synch terminal (which has a screw-off cover that would be easy to misplace) near the top of the panel and the focus mode selector in the lower corner, where it's in easy reach for the left thumb. Three settings are provided: single, continuous and manual.
       

      Top panel of the Fujifilm X-T1 with no lens fitted. (Source: Fujifilm.)

      The main controls are located on the top panel. Here you'll find dials for shutter speed, aperture, ISO, exposure compensation, metering and drive modes. The ISO and shutter speed dials have locking buttons and all dials have positive click-stops with pleasantly stiff adjustments.

      The ISO and drive mode dials are stacked vertically on the left side of the EVF housing, while the shutter speed and metering dials are on the right. Further to the right is the exposure compensation dial.

      The layout is logical and makes these important controls easy to access. The lower dials in each stack have a small knob on the front that enables them to be adjusted without affecting the dial above. On one occasion we inadvertently re-set the drive mode while adjusting the ISO settings, indicating it's something to watch out for.

      For those unfamiliar with Fujifilm's X-series cameras, aperture settings are adjusted by rings on most lenses. This is more convenient than using the dial controls, which can require you to move your index finger away from the shutter release. (Aperture control defaults to the rear control dial when one of the few lenses without an aperture ring is fitted.)

      The shutter button is situated towards the front of the panel, between the shutter speed and exposure compensation dials. It's surrounded by a power on/off lever switch. Immediately behind it is Function button 2, which doubles as the Wi-Fi button in playback mode.

      The electronic viewfinder (EVF) replaces the rangefinder-style viewfinders on previous X-series models, which were either hybrid optical, off-centre and small or absent altogether. It is centrally located on the optical axis and claims to be larger than a standard 35mm optical viewfinder.

      It's very nice to use and the default setting is reasonably bright. Its brightness level is also adjustable. The eye relief is generous enough to allow photographers who wear glasses to use it, which is fortunate as the dioptre adjustment is a bit skimpy at -4 to +2 dpt.

      With 2.36 million-dots, the resolution of the OLED screen is high enough to provide all the detail you want and its refresh rate is fast enough to keep pace with moving subjects and minimise flickering. Fujifilm claims a display lag-time of just 0.005 seconds although, when the frame rate adjusts to compensate for dim lighting, you can often see a brief delay that produces some ghosting. This doesn't occur when the ambient light levels are moderately bright and it doesn't negate all the other advantages of EVFs that come in the form of on-screen displays and the ability to shoot movies in bright conditions without having to rely upon the monitor screen.
       

      Rear panel of the Fujifilm X-T1. (Source: Fujifilm.)

      The rear LCD monitor is bright and reasonably easy to use in conditions other than bright outdoor lighting, where most LCDs become effectively unusable.  Its resolution of  1.04 million dots is high enough to be useful for reviewing shots. 

      It also articulates outwards to allow low-angle shooting and can be tilted downwards when the camera is held above the head. Sadly, it doesn't include touch-screen capabilities like the Olympus OM-D cameras have as these would have been a handy adjunct. 

      Above the top left hand corner of the screen are the Delete and Playback buttons, while the AE-Lock button is located above the top right hand corner. In line and to the right of the AE-L button are the rear command dial and AF-Lock button. A small, rubber-clad thumb rest moulding is located below the AF-L button in the top right hand corner.

      Ranged down the right hand side of the rear panel are the Focus Assist and Quick menu buttons.  Pressing the former lets you zoom in on the current focus area for focus checking. A second press cancels the zoom. The Quick menu button displays a screen containing icons for accessing 16 camera settings, which are selected via the arrow pad and adjusted with the rear command dial.

      The arrow pad lies below the Quick menu button. It's small and cramped and the default settings are not particularly useful. Fortunately, it's customisable as the direction buttons double as the Fn3, Fn4, Fn5 and Fn6 buttons.

      The default settings are as follows: top button - macro mode; left button - film simulation, right button - white balance, bottom button - focus frame selection (we'll have more on this in the section covering focus, below). The central OK button calls up the menu and is used as for selection of settings.

      Below the arrow pad is the Display/Back button, which controls what is displayed in the EVF and on the monitor screen. The available settings are found in the Screen Set-up > Disp. Custom Setting sub-menu and include framing grids, histogram (brightness only), virtual horizon (electronic level), battery level and key camera settings.

       The Graphical User Interface display modes for the X-T1's EVF. (Source: Fujifilm.)
       

      Four display modes (shown above) are available. For all focusing modes there are three options: Full, which takes full advantage of the high magnification ratio to full the frame with the scene, showing shooting information along the top and bottom edges; Normal, which provides a framed display that lets users concentrate on framing the shot while providing shooting settings in the margins and Portrait, which automatically rotates the data display when the camera is held vertically.

      In manual focus mode, the Dual Display setting adds a small second screen for checking the focus point with the Digital Split Image or Focus Peak Highlight aids. The Dual Display is an interesting idea but the small area of magnification the camera provided was less useful than the Digital Split Image display.

      A single SD card slot is located in a dedicated compartment in the right hand side panel, while the interface ports fit under a cover on the left side. The latter include a jack for an external microphone or remote release plus mini HDMI and Micro USB ports.

      The battery compartment is in the usual place in the base of the camera, below the grip moulding. Beside it is a metal-lined tripod mounting, which is offset from the optical axis of the lens. A rubber cover hides the connectors for the optional vertical battery grip, which is available for this camera.

      Sensor and Image Processing
       The X-Trans II sensor in the X-T1 is the same as found in the X-E2 and also the X100S and consequently, supports the same image formats, aspect ratio and file sizes. Its randomised pixel arrangement is designed to minimise moiré and false colour generation, removing the need for an optical low-pass filter. Sensors are embedded in the surface of the chip to support the hybrid AF system, which combines contrast and phase detection.

      The EXR Processor II is the same second-generation chip as used in the X-E2 and features dual CPUs and improved algorithms that boost processing speeds. Fujifilm claims a 0.5 second start-up time and a 0.5 second shooting interval in MF mode, which is more than twice the processing speed of the previous processor.

      The X-T1 supports continuous shooting at up to eight frames/second with tracking AF and is compatible with the latest SDXC UHS-II memory cards. The buffer memory can hold up to 47 high-resolution JPEGs. Raw file capacity isn't specified but our tests showed it to be approximately 20 shots.

      Native sensitivity for JPEGs ranges from ISO 100 to ISO 25600 but ORF.RAW files are restricted to a range of ISO 200 to ISO 6400. For JPEGs you can extend sensitivity to ISO 51200 equivalent via the ISO Dial Setting adjustment in the set-up menu. It lets you assign ratings of ISO 12800, 25600 or 51200 to the H1 and H2 positions. High ISO and long exposure noise reduction are available as discrete menu settings but appear to be applied automatically at ISO 800 and above.

      By default, image files are recorded in JPEG format. If you want to shoot raw files  you must select either RAW or RAW+JPEG from the Image Quality options in either the main or Quick menu or set up one of the Fn buttons to toggle between JPEG and RAF.RAW formats. For JPEGs, three aspect ratios are available:  3:2, 16:9 and 1:1.  All raw files are recorded with a 3:2 aspect ratio, regardless of the settings selected in the camera. 

      Typical file sizes are shown in the table below. Note: these file sizes are approximate because file size will vary according to the complexity of the subject recorded. Detailed subjects will produce significantly larger files than those containing large areas of clear blue sky.

      Aspect ratio

      Image Size

      Resolution

      Fine

      Normal

      3:2

      RAW

      4896 x 3264

      32.0MB

      RAW+JPEG

      4896 x 3264

      38.5MB

      L

      4896 x 3264

      6.45MB

      4.04MB

      M

      3456 x 2304 

      4.04MB

      2.07MB

      S

      2496 x 1664 

      2.16MB

      1.13MB

      16:9

      L

      4896 x 2760

      5.48MB

      3.45MB

      M

      3456 x 1994

      3.45MB

      1.75MB

      S

      2496 x 1408

      1.84MB

      0.97MB

      1:1

      L

      3264 x 3264

      4.31MB

      2.76MB

      M

      2304 x 2304

      2.72MB

      1.43MB

      S

      1664 x 1664

      1.45MB

      1.00MB

      The 'Motion Panorama' modes are the same as the X-Pro 1's and JPEG only. This shooting mode is selected via the drive settings and provides two angle of view options (120 degrees and 180 degrees) with horizontal or vertical orientations.  The table below shows the number of panoramas you can fit on an 8GB card in both modes.

      Angle & direction

      Resolution

      Capacity of 8GB card

      Fine

      Normal

      180 degrees vertical

      7680 x 2160 

      970 images

      1910 images

      180 degrees horizontal

      7680 x 1440

      1440 images

      2820 images

      120 degrees vertical

      5120 x 2160 

      1440 images

      2820 images

      120 degrees horizontal

      5120 x 1440

      2140 images

      4210 images

      Video
       Video has never been an important feature in X-series cameras and the codec used in the X-T1 in consumer-standard, which means this camera won't suit professional videographers. Like its siblings, the X-T1 supports both Full HD (1920 x 1080 pixels) and HD modes (1280 x 720 pixels) using progressive scanning with a frame rate of 30 frames/second.

      The maximum clip length is 14 minutes for 1080p files and 27 minutes for 720p files. Movies are recorded in H.264 compliant  MOV format with linear PCM stereo soundtracks. The camera has a dedicated movie button and a microphone input jack .
       
      Wi-Fi
       Wi-Fi implementation is similar to the X-E2's and covered in our review of that camera. Fujifilm has updated the Fujifilm Camera Remote Wi-Fi app to give users remote controls for shooting images from smart-phones and tablets.

      The touch-screen interface on the smart device enables users to access touch controls for the AF and shutter release. Users also gain remote access to adjustments for the shutter speed, aperture, exposure compensation, ISO, Film Simulation modes, timer adjustments and flash.

      You can also trigger movie recordings from the smart device but access is restricted to HD format (1280 x 720 pixels) at 30 fps, whereas the camera can support Full HD recording.

      Focus Controls
      The focusing system is an important feature of the X-T1 and, like its recent siblings, it is a 'hybrid' type that uses the X-Trans II sensor, which has phase-detection pixels covering 36% of the centre of its surface. Phase detection is used to bring the subject into approximate focus and then the contrast system sharpens up the image.

      The 49-point AF sensor array is the same as the X-E2's and users select the focusing mode with the dial on the front panel, which has three settings: S (single), C (continuous) and M (manual).  The default for AF frame selection is the bottom button on the arrow pad, which is used in conjunction with the rear command dial.

      Autofocusing choices include multi (49-point) auto and area (single-point based selection) as well as continuous and tracking AF modes. In the area mode, the size of the area can be adjusted with the rear command dial. Face detection AF/AE can be enabled via menu settings.

      AF point selection can now be assigned to one of the function buttons. But it's still a three-step process; you have to press the function button and move the selected point with the arrow pad's directional buttons then lock the setting in by pressing the Menu/OK button. (Focus area selection can also be accessed via the AF Autofocus Setting in the shooting menu, but it's almost as clumsy.)

      Manual focusing is 'by-wire' with little in the way of tactile feedback but the camera provides a couple of aids to help users to obtain precise focusing.  These should cater for most photographers' preferences.

      Selecting the MF mode displays a distance scale along the bottom of the monitor screen, with a red line indicating the focusing distance. A white band on either side of the red line shows the depth of field, which changes as you adjust the aperture setting.

      You can magnify the image on the monitor screen by pressing the sub-command dial and turning it. In addition, focus peaking is available to highlight parts of the subject that are sharply focused. You can choose from three highlighting colours: white, red and blue and select between high and low brightness settings.

      The Digital Split Image system, which was introduced in the X100S, replicates the split image focusing display of film SLR cameras. It splits the centre of the viewfinder in half when it's not in focus. Turning the focusing ring on the lens brings the halves together to make the image sharp.

      Playback and Software
      Unfortunately, nothing much has changed since previous models and the bundled software is still disappointing with the very basic MyFinePix Studio and not-very-competent raw file converter is based on Silkypix technology. The latter is slow and we've demonstrated once again that it doesn't extract the best results from the camera's RAF.RAW files.

      Lenses
       Fujifilm has made a major effort to build a suite of lenses that complement its camera bodies, with seven primes lenses and five zooms already released and five more scheduled for release in the next 12 months. Users can now find most of the lenses they should need, either already available or listed on the company's roadmap (http://fujifilm-x.com/xf-lens/en/about/roadmap/).

      Many of these lenses are built to professional standards and priced accordingly. Carl Zeiss has also begun producing X-mount lenses, starting with a trio of 'Touit' primes that have been reviewed favourably (though not seen by us thus far).

      While these lenses will be smaller and lighter than their full-frame 35mm equivalents, most of the longer zooms are quite large and neither as compact nor as light as the Olympus and Panasonic lenses for the M4/3 system.  Adaptors are also available for fitting other types of lenses, including Leica's 'M' series lenses to X-mount bodies.

      Performance
       We tested the X-T1with the same XF18-55mm f/2.8-4 R OIS lens as we used for our review of the X-E2 but also took some test shots at the media launch of the camera with the XF 55-200mm f/3.5-4.8 OIS lens. These are included in the Samples section of the review.

      With the default settings, JPEGs straight from the camera were generally excellent and similar in character to the shots from the X-E2. Straight out of the camera shots were slightly soft but contained an abundance of detail attractive colour rendition and a good dynamic range. Plenty of in-camera settings are provided for sharpening JPEGs and adjusting colour rendition and dynamic range and the film simulation settings enable users to replicate the characteristics of popular Fujifilm films.

      Imatest confirmed our subjective assessments and confirmed that centre-of-field resolution matched or exceeded expectations for the camera's 16-megapixel sensor at all ISO settings up to ISO 1600 for JPEGs. This extended to ISO 3200 for the RAF.RAW files that were converted into 16-bit TIFF format with the release candidate version of Adobe Camera Raw 8.4, which recently became available.

      Out of interest, we converted the same series of raw files with the supplied Silkypix-based software and included the results in our graph below. This graph is remarkably similar to the results for the X-E2.

       
       Long exposures at night showed little in the way of noise right up to ISO 6400, with a gradual increase in the visibility of noise and overall softening by ISO 12800, increasing at the higher ISO settings. A slight loss of colour saturation and blocking up of shadows could be discerned at ISO 25600. By ISO 51200 softening was pronounced and noise was visible, although colour reproduction remained acceptable.
       
      Flash exposures were even across the camera's ISO range, although we had to adjust shutter speeds and aperture settings to achieve this because of the wide variation in sensitivity between the highest and lowest ISO settings. The same loss of contrast and softening could be seen in flash shots at the highest ISO settings as we found for long exposures.
       
      White balance performance was similar to the results we obtained from the X-E2, which isn't surprising since the X-T1 provides the same presets and adjustments for correcting colour casts before shooting. The auto setting failed to totally remove the warm cast from shots taken under incandescent lighting and retained a slight greenish tint under fluorescent lighting. Both presets over-corrected slightly, the various fluorescent lighting settings imparting slightly different colour casts. Manual measurement produced neutral colour rendition.

      Autofocusing performance was similar to the X-E2's with both lenses and the hybrid AF system was reasonably fast and accurate, provided there was enough light. This was true even in focus tracking mode, although it didn't match performance of the recent Olympus and Panasonic cameras we've reviewed.

      Unfortunately, hunting was common in low light levels with the 18-55mm kit lens. In addition, with low-contrast subjects the camera often shifted in and out of focus and would confirm focus when the subject wasn't actually sharp. Faster lenses are less likely to suffer from this problem.

      Movie quality was similar to the X-E2's and marred by slow autofocusing as subject distance changed and when the zoom was used. The camera's microphones were just as sensitive to wind noise and, although recording levels can be adjusted in the camera's menu, no wind suppression filter is provided. We were unable to test performance with an external microphone.

      Overall response times were similar to the X-E2's, although processing was somewhat faster. With an 8GB SanDisk Extreme Pro SDHC U1 memory card, the review camera took just under a second to power up but shut down almost instantly.

      We measured an average capture lag of 0.2 seconds, which was eliminated with pre-focusing. Lag times were as long as 0.5 seconds when the lens was seriously defocused. Average processing times were slightly faster than those we measured for the X-E2, with each file taking 1.5 seconds to process, regardless of the file type.

      Shot-to shot times were also slightly faster, averaging 0.7 seconds without flash. However, the flash recycle time was slower, extending the delay between shots to an average of 2.5 seconds.

      In the high speed continuous shooting mode, the camera focuses using a 3x3 array of sensor points, which can move around the frame when tracking subjects. Focus tracking speed (and capture speed) can be affected by the lens aperture and sensitivity settings as well as by shooting conditions.

      For our tests with a stationary target, the camera recorded 10 full-resolution images in 1.2 seconds, which is close to the specified eight frames/second. It took 3.1 seconds to process a burst of 10 high-resolution JPEGs.  The buffer memory in the review camera seemed able to accommodate 47 JPEG frames before slowing noticeably, as claimed in the specifications.

      When raw file capture was selected, the frame rate remained  unchanged at about eight fps but the capture rates slowed after approximately 19 frames (which is roughly double the number we recorded for the X-E2). It took almost 18 seconds to process a burst of this size.

      In the continuous-low mode, 10 frames were recorded in 2.7 seconds, a rate of approximately three frames/second.  Processing was completed roughly a second after the last file had been captured.  Auto focusing and exposure re-adjustment are available during capture in this mode, whereas the high-speed mode locks both on the first frame in the burst.

      Conclusion
       The X-T1 is a small departure from the original rangefinder style of Fujfilm's X-series cameras. It looks and handles like a DSLR, with a large viewfinder positioned on the camera's optical axis. But the mechanical dial controls are retained.

      Unfortunately, despite its obvious advantages, some photographers will discover the X-T1 doesn't quite meet their needs. For starters, it has no custom memory banks, which means you can't set up combinations of settings to suit different types of photography or different subjects.

      If you want to change from, say, shooting an outdoor portrait to grabbing a quick burst of shots of a horse galloping past, you must re-configure every function that needs to be changed – starting with focus and drive modes and probably including ISO, aperture and shutter speed settings and maybe exposure compensation and film simulation mode as well. By the time you've done all that, the horse will have well and truly bolted. Having six programmable function buttons won't solve this dilemma because you will still have to select and re-adjust each function that needs to be changed.  

      The menu interface is also frustrating to use and even the Quick menu (which is faster) requires at least two steps to select and change a setting. Programming the function buttons can help you overcome some of the difficulties; but it still may not allow you to make adjustments quickly enough.

      Another issue relates to the instant playback after you've captured a shot. All you get is the image, whereas most cameras allow you to display a brightness histogram and many also provide flashing indicators that show blown-out highlights and blocked-up shadows. On some cameras you can even set the points at which these will appear on a scale from 0 to 255. Most also provide the option of an RGB histogram in playback mode, another convenience lacking in the X-T1.

      All these aids make it easier to see when a shot has 'worked' immediately after it's taken, allowing you to re-shoot before the scene changes substantially. Chimping with the X-T1 requires you to take the camera from your eye and playback the image on the monitor screen. You will probably have to toggle to reach the settings that show you what you need to know.

      But probably the most irritating thing about the new camera is that Fujifilm STILL hasn't got the message that the bundled Silkypix raw file processor seriously compromises the quality of processed RAF.RAW files and dramatically reduces their resolution. We can think of no reason why anyone would want to use it.

      Supporting this software must incur some cost to Fujifilm (and the other camera manufacturers who persist in using it). It would be better to invest that money in making sure that Adobe and Apple and other popular third-party developers receive details of the raw format in time to support it as soon as possible after the camera's release date. An even simpler solution would be to provide the option to record raw files in DNG format as well as RAF.RAW – as manufacturers like Pentax, Ricoh, Casio and Leica have already done.

      Fortunately, some of this message seems to be getting through; Fujifilm recently stated publicly they are working with Adobe to support their film-simulation modes in Lightroom. Let's hope that marks 'the beginning of a beautiful relationship'.

       

      SPECS

       Image sensor: 23.6mm x 15.6mm (APS-C) X-Trans CMOS II with primary colour filter, 16.7 million photosites (16.3 megapixels effective)
       Image processor: EXR Processor II
       A/D processing: 14-bit
       Lens mount: Fujifilm X mount
       Focal length crop factor: 1.5x
       Image formats: Stills –RAF.RAW, JPEG (Exif Ver 2.3), RAW+JPEG; Movies – MOV (MPEG-4 AVC/H.264) with Linear PCM Stereo audio
       Image Sizes: Stills – L: (3:2) 4896 x 3264 / (16:9) 4896 x 2760 / (1:1) 3264 x 3264; M: (3:2) 3456 x 2304 / (16:9) 3456 x 1944 / (1:1) 2304 x 2304; S: (3:2) 2496 x 1664 / (16:9) 2496 x 1408 / (1:1) 1664 x 1664; Motion Panorama: L: Vertical: 2160 x 9600 / Horizontal: 9600 x 1440; M: Vertical: 2160 x 6400 / Horizontal: 6400 x 1440; Movies: Full HD 1920 x 1080 60p / 30p, HD 1280 x 720 60p / 30p
       Image Stabilisation: Lens-based
       Dust removal: Yes
       Shutter speed range: P mode: 1/4 sec. to 1/4000 sec., All other modes: 30 sec. to 1/4000 sec., Bulb: max. 60 min., Time 1/2 to 30 sec., Synchronised shutter speed for flash : 1/180 sec. or slower
       Exposure Compensation: 3 frames in +/- 3EV in 1/3EV steps; +/- 2EV for movie recording
       Exposure bracketing: 3 frames  across +/- 1/3EV, +/- 2/3EV, +/- 1EV
       Other bracketing options: Film Simulation (Any 3 types selectable), Dynamic Range (100% · 200% · 400%), ISO (+/-1/3EV, +/-2/3EV, +/-1EV), White Balance (+/-1, +/-2, +/-3)
       Self-timer:  2 or 10 seconds delay
       Focus system: Intelligent Hybrid AF (TTL contrast AF / TTL phase detection AF), AF assist illuminator available; AF frame selection: Area (EVF / LCD: 49 areas with 7 x 7), Multi (5 types)
       Focus modes: Single AF / Continuous AF / MF Distance Indicator; magnify and focus peaking  (white, red, blue) assists for manual focusing; Face Detection available
       Exposure metering:  TTL 256-zone metering with Multi, Spot and Average patterns available
       Shooting modes: Programmed AE, Shutter Speed priority AE, Aperture priority AE, Manual exposure
       Film Simulation modes: 10 types (Provia/Standard, Velvia/Vivid, Astia/Soft, PRO Neg Hi, PRO Neg. Std, Monochrome, Monochrome +Ye Filter, Monochrome +R Filter, Monochrome +G Filter, Sepia)
       Dynamic range settings: AUTO (100-400%), 100%, 200%, 400%
       Advanced filters: Toy camera / Miniature / Pop colour / High-key / Low-key / Dynamic tone / Soft focus / Partial colour (Red / Orange / Yellow / Green / Blue / Purple)
       Colour space options: sRGB, Adobe RGB
       ISO range: AUTO ISO 200 ‐ 6400; extensions to ISO 100, 12800, 25600 and 51200 available 
       White balance: Automatic scene recognition, Preset : Fine, Shade, Fluorescent light (Daylight / Warm White /Cool White), Incandescent light, Underwater; Custom, Colour temperature setting
       Flash: External flash EF-X8 (included); GN  approx. 11 (ISO 200/m)
       Flash modes: Auto, Forced Flash, Slow Synchro, Suppressed Flash, Rear-curtain Synchro, Commander; Red-eye removal is available
       Sequence shooting: Max. approx. 8 shots/sec. for up to 47 JPEGs or 20 RAF.RAW files
       Other features: Focal Plane Shutter, Auto Red-eye Removal, Setting (Colour, Sharpness, D-range, Gradation), Select custom setting, Motion panorama, Colour space, Framing guideline, Frame No. memory, Histogram display, Preview depth of focus, Lens Modulation Optimizer, Pre-AF, Focus check, Focus Peak Highlight, Digital Split Image, Electronic level, Multiple exposure, Release priority / Focus priority selection, Fn button setting (RAW, Movie, etc.), ISO AUTO control, Instant AF setting (AF-S / AF-C)
       Storage Media: Single slot for SD/SDHC/SDXC memory cards; UHS-II compatible
       Viewfinder: 0.5-in., approx. 2,360,000-dot OLED colour viewfinder; approx. 100% FOV coverage; Eye point: approx. 23mm (from the rear end of the camera's eyepiece); Dioptre adjustment : -4m-1 to +2m-1; Magnification : 0.77x; Diagonal angle of view: approx. 38°;Built-in eye sensor
      LCD monitor: 3.0-inch, approx. 1,040K-dot, Tilt type colour LCD monitor (approx. 100% coverage); aspect ratio 3:2
      Playback functions: RAW conversion (to JPEG), Image rotate, Red-eye reduction, Photobook assist, Erase selected frames, Image search, Multi-frame playback (with micro thumbnail), Slide show, Mark for upload, Protect, Crop, Resize, Panorama, Favourites
      Interface terminals: USB 2.0 High-Speed / micro USB terminal, HDMI mini connector (Type C), Microphone / shutter release input: ø2.5mm, stereo mini connector
      Wi-Fi function: IEEE 802.11b/g/n; Geotagging, Wireless communication (Image transfer), View & Obtain Images, Remote camera shooting, PC Autosave
      Power supply: NP-W126 rechargeable lithium-ion battery; CIPA rated for approx. 350 shots/charge 
      Dimensions (wxhxd): Approx. 129.0 x 89.8 x 46.7 mm (body only)
      Weight: Approx. 390grams (body only without battery and card)

       

      TESTS

       JPEG files

       
       RAF.RAW files converted with the release candidate version of Adobe Camera Raw 8.4

       
       RAF.RAW files converted with the software supplied with the camera.

       

       

      SAMPLES

       

       Auto white balance with incandescent lighting.

       Auto white balance with fluorescent lighting.
       
       

      18mm focal length, ISO 100, 1/300 second at f/11.
       
       

      55mm focal length, ISO 100, 1/250 second at f/11.
       
       

      30-second exposure at ISO 100, 24mm focal length, f/3.2.
       
       

      15-second exposure at ISO 1600, 24mm focal length, f/5.
       
       

      3.5-second exposure at ISO 6400, 24mm focal length, f/5.6.
       
       

      3-second exposure at ISO 12800, 24mm focal length, f/8.
       
       

      2-second exposure at ISO 25600, 24mm focal length, f/9.
       
       

      2-second exposure at ISO 51200, 24mm focal length, f/13.
       
       

      Flash exposure at ISO 100, 55mm focal length, 1/30 second at  f/4.
       
       

      Flash exposure at ISO 1600, 55mm focal length, 1/180 second at  f/5.
       
       

      Flash exposure at ISO 6400, 55mm focal length, 1/180 second at  f/5.
       
       

      Flash exposure at ISO 12800, 55mm focal length, 1/180 second at  f/5
       
       

      Flash exposure at ISO 25600, 55mm focal length, 1/180 second at  f/8.
       
       

      Flash exposure at ISO 51200, 55mm focal length, 1/180 second at  f/11.
       
       

      Close-up; 55mm focal length, ISO 100, 1/200 second at f/5.6.
       
       The images below were captured with the XF 55-200mm f/3.5-4.8 OIS lens.
       
       

      55mm focal length, ISO 400, 1/250 second at f/11.
       
       

      200mm focal length, ISO 400, 1/280 second at f/11.
       
       

      200mm focal length, ISO 640, 1/125 second at f/9.
       
       

      180mm focal length, ISO 400, 1/320 second at f/4.8.
       
       

      200mm focal length, ISO 800, 1/150 second at f/5.6.
       
       

      100mm focal length, ISO 200, 1/60 second at f/7.1.
       
       

      55mm focal length, ISO 400, 1/170 second at f/11.
       
       

      190mm focal length, ISO 400, 1/28 second at f/6.4.
       
       

      200mm focal length, ISO 640, 1/100 second at f/11.
       
       

      85mm focal length, ISO 640, 1/75 second at f/8.
       
       

      Still frame from Full HD (1920 x 1080 pixels) video clip recorded at 60 fps.
       
       

      Still frame from Full HD video clip recorded at 30 fps.
       
       

      Still frame from HD (1280 x 720 pixels) video clip recorded at 60 fps.
       
       

      Still frame from HD (1280 x 720 pixels) video clip recorded at 30 fps.

      Rating

      RRP: AU$1799; US$1300 (body only)

      • Build: 9.0
      • Ease of use: 8.5
      • Autofocusing: 8.3
      • Still image quality JPEG: 9.0
      • Still image quality RAW: 9.0
      • Video quality: 8.5

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