Canon EOS 100D


    Photo Review 8.8
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    Canon EOS 100D

      In summary

      The relatively small size and light weight of the EOS 100D will make it a sought-after DSLR for travellers, bushwalkers and anyone who finds the current cameras have been too big and heavy. Its ability to accept most of Canon's lenses and accessories and merge seamlessly into an existing system make it a good choice as an extra body to complement a 'full frame' camera system.

      Like the EOS 700D, the 100D has a well-designed user interface with a wide range of user-adjustable controls plus a well-thought-out suite of automated functions to help less experienced photographers achieve the high picture quality this little camera is capable of.

      Full review

      Canon's EOS 100D has created a lot of interest since it was announced on 21 March. We published a detailed 'First Look' at the key features of the EOS 100D on the day of the announcement but were unable to conduct any performance tests. Having received a production-standard camera, we are now able to apply our full suite of tests and report upon them in this review.

      Canon's new EOS 100D, shown with the pop-up flash raised and the new EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM kit lens. (Source: Canon.)

      Back and top views of the EOS 100D. (Source: Canon.)

      Who's it For?
      The relatively small size and light weight of the EOS 100D will make it a sought-after DSLR for travellers, bushwalkers and anyone who finds the current cameras have been too big and heavy. Its ability to accept most of Canon's lenses and accessories and merge seamlessly into an existing system make it a good choice as an extra body to complement a 'full frame' camera system.

      Like the EOS 700D, the 100D has a well-designed user interface with a wide range of user-adjustable controls plus a well-thought-out suite of automated functions to help less experienced photographers achieve the high picture quality this little camera is capable of.

      Key Features
       The EOS 100 D is smaller than the EOS 700D (116.8 x 90.7 x 69.4 mm vs 133.1 x 99.8 x 78.8 mm) and weighs less (370 grams vs 525 grams). It's larger than the EOS M because it has an SLR's reflex viewing system with an optical viewfinder, whereas the EOS M forces users to compose shots on the LCD monitor.

      Interestingly, there's not much difference in body size between the EOS 100D and the Olympus OM-D E-M5 and the E-M5 body is actually three grams heavier, although it's 27.5 mm thinner. But add the standard kit lens and the 100D plus lens becomes 42.2 mm longer and 92 grams heavier.

      The EOS 100D has the same 18-megapixel CMOS sensor and DIGIC 5 as the EOS 700D, EOS 650D and EOS M cameras but in a DSLR body that is smaller and lighter than the 700D and 650D bodies.   Continuous shooting capabilities are middle-of-the-road. The 100 D's maximum continuous burst speed is four frames/second (compared with 5 fps for the EOS 700D and 9 fps for the E-M5) The buffer memory can accommodate up to 28 JPEG files or seven CR2.RAW files.

      The EOS 100 D's built-in flash has a guide number of 9.4 (metres/ISO100), which is less powerful than the EOS 700D's GN 13 flash. The E-M5 relies on an external flash, supplied with the camera.

      The 100D's control layout is similar to other EOS cameras at this level, with a standard mode dial, Quick Control/Set button, Live View/Movie button and buttons for accessing the ISO, Menu, Info, Aperture/Exposure compensation, AE/FE lock, AF point selection. magnify, Playback and Erase functions. Plenty of 'creative' filters and scene pre-sets are provided, including new Kids, Food and Candlelight modes.

      The fixed 3-inch Clear View II TFT capacitative touch screen has a resolution of approximately1,04,000 dots and a viewing angle of roughly170-degrees. It supports familiar gesture controls like pinch-to-zoom and image-to-image swiping in playback.  Touch focusing is supported all over the screen.

      Playback options are standard for EOS  cameras at this level and the bundled software includes Canon's Digital Photo Professional raw file converter. Manuals in PDF format are supplied on disks for both the camera and the software.

      Performance
      Our review of the EOS 100D was carried out with the EF-S18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM kit lens, which is reviewed separately (INSERT LINK).The 100D's Imatest results were similar to those from  the EOS 700D,which is to be expected as they share the same image sensor and processor.

      JPEG files from the review camera had slightly lower saturation than those from the EOS 700D, while the saturation in raw files was slightly higher. As with the 700D, JPEG files produced resolutions slightly below expectations for the 18-megapixel sensor, while  CR2.RAW files exceeded expectations. High resolution was maintained across the review camera's sensitivity range, as shown in the graph of our Imatest results below.
       

       
       Image noise in test shots was also similar to shots taken with the 700D, with little noise visible up to ISO 3200 and a gradual increase in the visibility of noise thereafter.  Although noise could be seen in long exposures at ISO 12800 and images were slightly soft, we found no noticeable deterioration in the intensity and accuracy of colours in test shots.

      Flash exposure levels remained relatively constant across the camera's sensitivity range and exposures were almost noise-free up to ISO 6400. Some softening could be seen at ISO 12800, where the influence of ambient lighting on exposures began to be evident. We found no evidence of red-eye in portraits taken with the camera's flash.

      Auto white balance performance was similar to the 700D's.  Shots taken under incandescent lighting retained a warm bias, while shots taken with fluorescent lighting were almost cast-free. For both lighting types, the pre-sets slightly over-corrected but manual measurement delivered a neutral colour balance. Plenty of in-camera adjustments are provided for tweaking images as you shoot and white balance bracketing of +/- three levels in one-step increments is available.

      Video quality was as good as we found with the EOS 700D, which isn't surprising as this feature is similar in both cameras. Differences between the HD 1080p and 720p video clips were largely related to the frame resolution.  Clips shot at VGA resolution were very good for their frame sizes.

      We found the same slowing in autofocusing speeds when shooting in the live view mode. Soundtracks were slightly less engaging than those from the EOS 700D because they are monaural. However, you can add an external microphone if you want stereos recordings. The wind filter/attenuator enabled us to reduce wind noises in soundtracks but couldn't handle very windy conditions.

      Our timing tests were conducted with an 8GB SanDisk Extreme Pro SDHC UHS-1card. The review camera powered up ready for shooting in 0.75 seconds. We measured an average capture lag of 0.1 seconds when the viewfinder was used for shot composition, and 0.95 seconds in Live View mode, caused by autofocus lag.

      This lag was eliminated when shots were pre-focused for viewfinder shooting and reduced to 0.22 seconds in Live View mode. Shot-to-shot times averaged 0.4 seconds without flash and 0.66 seconds with. High-resolution JPEGs took an average of 0.6 seconds to process, while CR2.RAW files were processed in just under two seconds and RAW+JPEG pairs in a little over two seconds.

      In the continuous shooting mode the review camera recorded 10 Large/Fine JPEGs in 2.6 seconds, which is close to specifications. It took 3.5 seconds to process this burst.

      With CR2.RAW files, capture rates slowed noticeably after seven frames, which were recorded in 1.8 seconds. It took 7.7 seconds to process this burst. For RAW+JPEG pairs, capture rates slowed after three frames, which were recorded in 1.2 seconds. It took six seconds to process this burst.

       

      SPECS

       

       Image sensor: 22.3 x 14.9 mm CMOS sensor with approximately 18.5 million photosites (18 megapixels effective)
       Image processor: DIGIC 5
       A/D processing: 14-bit
       Lens mount: Canon EF and EF-S
       Focal length crop factor: 1.6x
       Image formats: Stills – CR2.RAW, JPEG (Exif 2.3), RAW+JPEG; Movies – MOV (H.264/Linear PCM audio); monaural audio recording
       Image Sizes: Stills – 3:2 aspect: 5184 x 3456, 3456 x 2304, 2592 x 1728, 1920 x 1080, 720 x 480; 4:3 aspect: 4608 x 3456, 3072 x 2304, 2304 x 1728, 1696 x 1080, 640 x 480; 16:9 aspect: 5184 x 2912, 3456 x 1944, 2592 x 1456, 1920 x 1080, 720 x 400; 1:1 aspect: 3456 x 3456, 2304 x 2304, 1728 x 1728, 1280 x 1280, 480 x 480  Movies: 1920 x 1080 (Full HD) at 30p/25p/24p, 1280 x 720 (HD) at 60p/50p, 640 x 480 (SD) at 30p/25p
       Image Stabilisation: Lens-based only
       Dust removal: Canon Integrated Cleaning System (vibration of low-pass filter;  Auto, Manual, Dust Delete Data appending)
       Shutter speed range: 30 to 1/4000 second plus Bulb; X-synch at 1/200 sec.
       Exposure Compensation: +/- 5EV in 1/3 or 1/2 EV steps
       Exposure bracketing: 3 shots in +/- 2EV in 1/3 or 1/2 EV steps (Can be combined with manual exposure compensation)
       Self-timer: 2 or 10 seconds delay (10s + continuous shots 2-10)
       Focus system: TTL-CT-SIR Hybrid CMOS AF system (contrast-based with phase-detection sensors in the centre of the frame) with 9 AF points; centre point is cross type; working range for centre AF point = EV-0.5 to EV18; other AF points = EV0.5 to EV18
       Focus modes: AI focus, One-Shot AF, AI Servo AF with auto/manual selection; predictive AS=F up to 10 metres
       Exposure metering: 63-zone TTL full-aperture metering with Evaluative (linked to all AF points), Partial (approx. 9% of viewfinder at centre), Spot (approx. 4% of viewfinder at centre) and Centre-weighted average metering; range EV1.0  to 20 with 50mm f/1.8 II lens at ISO 100
       Shooting modes: Scene Intelligent Auto (stills and movie), No Flash, Program AE, Shutter-priority AE, Aperture-priority AE, Manual exposure (stills & movie), Creative Auto, Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, SCN (Kids, Food, Candlelight, Night Portrait, Handheld Night Scene, HDR Backlight Control)
       Picture Style/Control settings:  Auto, Standard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome, User Def. 1 - 3
       Colour space options: sRGB, Adobe RGB
       Custom functions: 7 (My Menu registration supported) / copyright entry and embedding possible
       Creative filters: Grainy B/W, Soft focus, Fish-eye effect, Art bold effect, Water painting effect, Toy camera effect, Miniature effect
       ISO range: Auto: ISO 100 - 6400; Creative Zone modes: ISO 100 to 12800 in 1-stop increments; expansion to ISO 25600 available
       White balance: Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, White fluorescent light, Flash, Custom; WB correction (+/-9 steps on blue/amber and magenta/green axes), +/- 3 levels of bracketing (3 shots) selectable on blue/amber and magenta/green axes
       Flash: Built-in flash (GN 9.4 in metres at ISO 100) with coverage to 80mm focal length; flash exposure compensation of +/-2EV in 1/3- or 1/2-stop increments; hot shoe for E-TTL II external flashguns
       Sequence shooting: Max. 4.0 frames/second for up to 28 large/fine JPEGs or 7 CR2.RAW files with  UHS-I compatible 8 GB card
       Storage Media: SD/ SDHC/ SDXC memory cards (UHS-1 and Eye-Fi compatible)
       Viewfinder: Pentamirror with approx. 95% frame coverage, magnification approx. 0.87x, approx. 19mm eye relief, fixed focusing screen, depth-of-field preview button
       LCD monitor: Fixed 3-inch 3:2 aspect Clear View II TFT capacitative touch screen with approx. 1.04 million dots; approx. 170-degree viewing angle
       Live view shooting: Coverage = approx 100%, frame rate - 60 fps, AF -Hybrid CMOS AF II with face detection, tracking AF, FlexiZone single/multi; Phase Dectection AF in Quick mode; real-time evaluative metering with image sensor, optional grid overlay (x2), histogram, multi aspect ratios
       Playback functions: Single-frame, Index (4, 9, 36 or 100 frames), Enlarge (1.5x  to 10x), Highlight alert, Slideshow with background music and transition effects, Picture rotation (auto mode available), Histogram (independent brightness/RGB available), image rating (0-5 stars), Shooting information; jump by 10 or 100 images, by shooting date, by folder, by movies, by stills, by rating; movie playback
       Interface terminals: USO 2.0 Hi-Speed with integrated Video out (PAL/NTSC), HDMI (CEC  compatible), 3.5 mm diameter stereo mini-jack for external microphone, direct printing to PictBridge printers
       Power supply: LP-E12 rechargeable lithium-ion battery; CIPA rated for approx. 380 shots/charge
       Dimensions (wxhxd): Approx. 116.8 x 90.7 x 69.4 mm (body only)
      Weight:Approx. 407 grams (body with battery and memory card)

       

      TESTS

       

       Based on JPEG files.

       
       Based on CR2.RAW files converted with Adobe Camera Raw

       

      SAMPLES

       

       Auto white balance with incandescent lighting. 

      Auto white balance with fluorescent lighting.
       
       

      30-second exposure at ISO 100; 26mm focal length at f/8. 

      10-second exposure at ISO 1600; 26mm focal length at f/16.
       
       

      5-second exposure at ISO 6400; 26mm focal length at f/18.
       
       

      3.2-second exposure at ISO 12800; 26mm focal length at f/22.
       
       

      Flash exposure at ISO 100; 55mm focal length, 1/60 second at f/5.6.
       
       

      Flash exposure at ISO 1600; 55mm focal length, 1/60 second at f/5.6.
       
       

      Flash exposure at ISO 6400; 55mm focal length, 1/60 second at f/5.6.
       
       

      Flash exposure at ISO 12800; 55mm focal length, 1/60 second at f/5.6.
       
       

      18mm focal length, ISO 100, 1/125 second at f/7.1.
       
       

      35mm focal length, ISO 100, 1/125 second at f/7.1.
       
       

      55mm focal length, ISO 100, 1/125 second at f/7.1.
       
       

      Forced flare;  29mm focal length, ISO 100, 1/80 second at f/8.
       
       

      Strong backlighting; 18mm focal length, ISO 100, 1/200 second at f/8.
       
       

      Close-up mode at 18mm; ISO 100, 1/400 second at f/3.5.
       
       

      Close-up mode at 55mm; ISO 100, 1/250 second at f/5.6. 

      Available light exposure in poorly-lit conditions; 48mm focal length, ISO 6400, 1/15 second at f/5.6.
       
       

      Flash exposure in the same conditions as the shot above: 48mm focal length, ISO 400, 1/60 second at f/5.6.
       
       

      Comparison shots showing the effect of using the HDR mode with strong backlighting; 50mm focal length, ISO 100, 1/500 second at f/8.
       
       

      Low light levels;18mm focal length, ISO 6400, 1/50 second at f/4.5.
       
       

      Low light levels; 55mm focal length, ISO 6400, 1/6 second at f/5.6.
       
       

      52mm focal length, ISO 100, 1/250 second at f/9.
       
       

      55mm focal length, ISO 100, 1/400 second at f/11.
       

      Still frame from Full HD (1920 x 1080 pixel) video clip at 30 fps.
       

      Still frame from Full HD (1920 x 1080 pixel) video clip at 24 fps.
       

      Still frame from HD (1280 x 720 pixel) video clip at. 50 fps
       

      Still frame from VGA (640 x 480 pixel) video clip at 30 fps.

      Additional image samples can be found with the review of the EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM lens.

       

      Rating

      RRP: n/a. ASP AU$720; MSRP US$649.99 (body only); ASP AU$850; MSRP US$799.99, as reviewed with 18-55mm STM lens

      • Build: 8.8
      • Ease of use: 8.8
      • Autofocusing: 8.8
      • Still image quality JPEG: 8.2
      • Still image quality RAW: 8.8
      • Video quality: 8.7

      BUY

        No